Union Jack (1707-1800)


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This flag goes by many names including 'The Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800)', 'The Kings Colours' or the 'The First Union Flag'. This is a historical, fully sewn flag, measuring 2 yards (1830mm x 915mm). 

This flag has historical significance in Australia as at Possession Island in the Torres Strait, Lieutenant James Cook raised the British flag on 22 August 1770, claiming the entire eastern coastline of Australia as British territory. On 26 January 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip established the first European settlement in Australia at Sydney Cove. The location of the landing and first flag raising is today commemorated with a flagpole in Loftus Street, Sydney. The Union Jack was created on 12 April 1606, three years after King James VI of Scotland ascended the English throne as King James I. The flag combined the traditional English St. George's Cross with the Scottish St. Andrew's Cross. It is correct to describe the flag as the Union Jack, but it can more formally be called the Union Flag. The name Queen Anne flag is erroneous.